2. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
|9 Months Ended|
May. 31, 2015
|Fair Value Measurements|
|FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS||
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date in the principal or most advantageous market. The Company uses a fair value hierarchy that has three levels of inputs, both observable and unobservable, with use of the lowest possible level of input to determine fair value.
Level 1 Valuations for assets and liabilities traded in active exchange markets, such as the NASDAQ Stock Market. The Company had one of these instruments as of May 31, 2015 and August 31, 2014.
Level 2 Valuations for assets and liabilities obtained from readily available pricing sources via independent providers for market transactions involving similar assets or liabilities. The Company had no Level 2 assets or liabilities as of May 31, 2015 or August 31, 2014.
Level 3 Valuations for assets and liabilities that are derived from other valuation methodologies, including discounted cash flow models and similar techniques, and not based on market exchange, dealer, or broker traded transactions. Level 3 valuations incorporate certain assumptions and projections in determining the fair value assigned to such assets or liabilities. The Company had one Level 3 liability as of August 31, 2014, the TPF liability, which is described in greater detail in Note 4 Long-Term Obligations and Operating Lease below. The Company had no Level 3 assets or liabilities as of May 31, 2015.
The Company maintains policies and procedures to value instruments using what management believes to be the best and most relevant data available.
The Companys non-financial assets measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis consist entirely of its investments in water and water systems and other long-lived assets. See Note 3 Water and Land Assets below.
Level 3 Liability Tap Participation Fee. Prior to the Companys settlement with HP A&M eliminating the TPF, the Companys TPF liability was the Companys only financial liability measured on a non-recurring basis. As further described in Note 4 Long-Term Obligations and Operating Lease, the TPF liability was valued by projecting new home development in the Companys targeted service area over an estimated development period.
Although not required, the Company deems the following table, which presents the changes in the TPF for the nine months ended May 31, 2015, to be helpful to the users of its consolidated financial statements:
The entire disclosure for the fair value of financial instruments (as defined), including financial assets and financial liabilities (collectively, as defined), and the measurements of those instruments as well as disclosures related to the fair value of non-financial assets and liabilities. Such disclosures about the financial instruments, assets, and liabilities would include: (1) the fair value of the required items together with their carrying amounts (as appropriate); (2) for items for which it is not practicable to estimate fair value, disclosure would include: (a) information pertinent to estimating fair value (including, carrying amount, effective interest rate, and maturity, and (b) the reasons why it is not practicable to estimate fair value; (3) significant concentrations of credit risk including: (a) information about the activity, region, or economic characteristics identifying a concentration, (b) the maximum amount of loss the entity is exposed to based on the gross fair value of the related item, (c) policy for requiring collateral or other security and information as to accessing such collateral or security, and (d) the nature and brief description of such collateral or security; (4) quantitative information about market risks and how such risks are managed; (5) for items measured on both a recurring and nonrecurring basis information regarding the inputs used to develop the fair value measurement; and (6) for items presented in the financial statement for which fair value measurement is elected: (a) information necessary to understand the reasons for the election, (b) discussion of the effect of fair value changes on earnings, (c) a description of [similar groups] items for which the election is made and the relation thereof to the balance sheet, the aggregate carrying value of items included in the balance sheet that are not eligible for the election; (7) all other required (as defined) and desired information.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef